VERB + V-ING or VERB + TO + INFINITIVE
1. These verbs have two possible structures.
advise recommend encourage allow permit forbit
verb + v-ing (without an object) I wouldn’t recommend stayingin that hotel.
She didn’t allow smoking in her house.
Smoking isn’t allowed in her house.
verb + object + to + infinitive
I wouldn’t recommend anybody to stay in that hotel.
She didn’t allow us to smoke in her house.
We aren’t allowed to smoke in her house.
2. like love hate can’t bear enjoy dislike mind can’t stand
These verbs and expressions all mean ‘like’ or ‘not like’. They are often followed by v-ing:
Ann hate flying.
Why do you dislike living here?
I don’t like people shouting at me.(=I don’t like being shouted at.)
After love, hate and can’t bear, you can also use to…, so you can say:
I love meeting people. or I love to meet people.
She can’t bear being alone. or she can’t bear to be alone.
But after enjoy, dislike, mind, can’t stand, we only use v-ing ( not ‘to’)
I ennjoy being alone.
Tom doesn’t mind working at night.
I can’t stand seeing her cry.
You can say ‘I like doing something.’ or ‘I like to do something.’
I like getting up early. or I like to get up early.
4. Would like/ would love / would hate / would prefer are usually followed by to + infinitive.
I would like to be rich.
I would love to be able to travel round the world.
Would you prefer to have dinner now or later.
Note that Would mind is followed by v-ing (not ‘to’)
Would you mind closing the door?
5. Begin start intend continue bother
These verbs can be followed by v-ing or to + infinitive
It has started raining. or It has started to rain.
John intends buying a house. or John intends to buy a house.
But normally we do not use –ing after –ing:
It’s starting to rain. (not ‘It’s starting raining.’)
6. Help and can’t help
You can say ‘help to do’ or ‘help do’ (infinitive with or without to):
Everybody helped to clean up after the party.
or Everybody helped clean up after the party.
But: Can’t / couldn’t help doing something:
I can’t help doing something .= I can’t stop myself from doing it.
I don’t like him but he has a lot of problems. I can’t help feeling sorry for him.
She tried to be serious but she couldn’t help laughing.